The majority of routinely given vaccines require two or three immunisations for full protective efficacy. Single dose vaccination has long been considered a key solution to improving the global immunisation coverage. Recent infectious disease outbreaks have further highlighted the need for vaccines that can achieve full efficacy after a single administration. Viral vectors are a potent immunisation platform, benefiting from intrinsic immuno-stimulatory features while retaining excellent safety profile through the use of non-replicating viruses. We investigated the scope for enhancing the protective efficacy of a single dose adenovirus-vectored malaria vaccine in a mouse model of malaria by co-administering it with vaccine adjuvants. Out of 11 adjuvants, only two, Abisco®-100 and CoVaccineHTTM, enhanced vaccine efficacy and sterile protection following malaria challenge. The CoVaccineHTTM adjuvanted vaccine induced significantly higher proportion of antigen specific central memory CD8+ cells, and both adjuvants resulted in increased proportion of CD8+ T cells expressing the CD107a degranulation marker in the absence of IFNγ, TNFα and IL2 production. Our results show that the efficacy of vaccines designed to induce protective T cell responses can be positively modulated with chemical adjuvants and open the possibility of achieving full protection with a single dose immunisation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/s41598-017-07246-0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Scientific reports

Publication Date

04/08/2017

Volume

7

Pages

7284 - 7284

Addresses

The Jenner Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7DQ, UK. anita.milicic@ndm.ox.ac.uk.