Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

ABSTRACT Misdiagnosis of enteric fever is a major global health problem resulting in patient mismanagement, antimicrobial misuse and inaccurate disease burden estimates. Applying a machine-learning algorithm to host gene expression profiles, we identified a diagnostic signature which could accurately distinguish culture-confirmed enteric fever cases from other febrile illnesses (AUROC<95%). Applying this signature to a culture-negative suspected enteric fever cohort in Nepal identified a further 12.6% as likely true cases. Our analysis highlights the power of data-driven approaches to identify host-response patterns for the diagnosis of febrile illnesses. Expression signatures were validated using qPCR highlighting their utility as PCR-based diagnostic for use in endemic settings.

Original publication

DOI

10.1101/327429

Type

Journal article

Journal

EMBO Molecular Medicine

Publisher

Wiley Open Access

Publication Date

30/08/2019