Accumulating evidence implicates nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) in the control of Ca(2+)-dependent functions. Little, however, is known concerning its role in the vascular endothelium, a major regulator of blood pressure. Here, we show that NAADP acetoxymethyl ester (NAADP-AM), a cell-permeant NAADP analog, increases cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration in aortic endothelial cells. We demonstrate that these signals and those evoked by acetylcholine are blocked by disrupting acidic organelles with bafilomycin A1. In contrast, Ca(2+) signals in response to thrombin are only partially inhibited by bafilomycin A1 treatment, and those to ATP were insensitive, suggesting that recruitment of acidic stores is agonist-specific. We further show that NAADP-evoked Ca(2+) signals hyperpolarize endothelial cells and generate NO. Additionally, we demonstrate that NAADP dilates aortic rings in an endothelium- and NO-dependent manner. Finally, we show that intravenous administration of NAADP-AM into anesthetized rats decreases mean arterial pressure. Our data extend the actions of NAADP to the endothelium both in vitro and in vivo, pointing to a previously unrecognized role for this messenger in controlling blood pressure.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.C110.169763

Type

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

26/11/2010

Volume

285

Pages

37133 - 37137

Keywords

Animals, Blood Pressure, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Macrolides, NADP, Rats