Quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines.
Pace D., Pollard AJ., Messonier NE.
Neisseria meningitidis is an important cause of bacterial meningitis and septicaemia with most disease caused by meningococci bearing serogroups A, B, C, Y and W-135 polysaccharides. Monovalent serogroup C conjugate vaccines have become established in the immunisation programmes in many countries and the first quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine, containing the polysaccharides from 4 of the serogroups A, C, Y and W-135 meningococci conjugated to a protein carrier was licensed in the US in 2005. This vaccine and others in development offer the potential to broaden population protection against meningococcal disease.