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OBJECTIVE: The need for pediatric antifungal stewardship programs has been driven by an increasing consumption of antifungals for prophylactic and empirical use. Drivers and rational of antifungal prescribing need to be identified to optimize prescription behaviors. METHODS: A prospective modified weekly Point Prevalence Survey capturing antifungal prescriptions for children (> 90 days to < 18 years of age) in 12 centers in England during 26 consecutive weeks was performed. Demographic, diagnostic and treatment information was collected for each patient. Data were entered into an online REDCap database. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred fifty-eight prescriptions were included for 656 pediatric patients, 44.9% were girls, with a median age of 6.4 years (interquartile range, 2.5-11.3). Most common underlying condition was malignancy (55.5%). Four hundred nineteen (63.9%) received antifungals for prophylaxis, and 237 (36.1%) for treatment. Among patients receiving antifungal prophylaxis, 40.2% did not belong to a high-risk group. In those receiving antifungal treatment, 45.9%, 29.4%, 5.1% and 19.6% had a diagnosis of suspected, possible, probable of proven invasive fungal disease (IFD), respectively. Proven IFD was diagnosed in 78 patients, 84.6% (n = 66) suffered from invasive candidiasis and 15.4% (n = 12) from an invasive mold infection. Liposomal amphotericin B was the most commonly prescribed antifungal for both prophylaxis (36.6%) and empiric and preemptive treatment (47.9%). Throughout the duration of the study, 72 (11.0%) patients received combination antifungal therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Antifungal use in pediatric patients is dominated by liposomal amphotericin B and often without evidence for the presence of IFD. A significant proportion of prophylactic and empiric antifungal use was seen in pediatric patients not at high-risk for IFD.

Original publication




Journal article


Pediatr Infect Dis J

Publication Date





e69 - e74


Adolescent, Amphotericin B, Antifungal Agents, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antiprotozoal Agents, Azoles, Candidiasis, Candidiasis, Invasive, Child, Child, Preschool, England, Female, Humans, Invasive Fungal Infections, Liposomes, Male, Prescriptions, Prospective Studies