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BACKGROUND: High-quality systematic data on antimicrobial use in UK inpatient paediatric haematology-oncology services are lacking, despite this population being at high risk from antimicrobial exposure and resistance. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a retrospective study to demonstrate how routinely collected electronic prescribing data can address this issue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study describes and compares IV antibiotic consumption between two UK paediatric haematology-oncology inpatient units, between 2018 and 2022. Both sites provide similar services and receive proactive antimicrobial stewardship input. Data were extracted from each site's antimicrobial surveillance system, which report monthly days of therapy (DOT) per 100 patient-days (PD). Consumption was reported for specific and total antibiotics. Trends were modelled using linear regression and autoregressive moving average models. RESULTS: Total IV antibiotic consumption at each site was similar. Median monthly DOT per 100 PD were 25.9 (IQR: 22.1-34.0) and 29.4 (24.2-34.9). Total antibiotic use declined at both sites, with estimated annual yearly reductions of 3.52 DOT per 100 PD (95% CI: 0.46-6.59) and 2.57 (1.30-3.85). Absolute consumption was similar for carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam and aminoglycosides, whilst ceftriaxone and teicoplanin demonstrated approximately 3-fold relative differences in median monthly consumption. Meropenem, piperacillin/tazobactam, teicoplanin, vancomycin and gentamicin all demonstrated statistically significant reductions in use over time at either one or both sites, although this was most marked for piperacillin/tazobactam and vancomycin. CONCLUSIONS: Routinely collected electronic prescribing data can aid benchmarking of antibiotic use in paediatric haematology-oncology inpatients, highlighting areas to target stewardship strategies, and evaluating their impact. This approach should be rolled out nationally, and to other high-risk groups.

Original publication




Journal article


JAC Antimicrob Resist

Publication Date