Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

For microbiological confirmation of pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), gastric aspirates (GA) are often operationally unfeasible without hospitalization, and the encapsulated orogastric string test is not easily swallowed in young children. The Combined-NasoGastric-Tube-and-String-Test (CNGTST) enables dual collection of GA and string specimens. In a prospective cohort study in Kenya, we examined its feasibility in children under five with presumptive PTB and compared the bacteriological yield of string to GA. Paired GA and string samples were successfully collected in 95.6 % (281/294) of children. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was isolated from 7.0 % (38/541) of GA and 4.3 % (23/541) of string samples, diagnosing 8.2 % (23/281) of children using GA and 5.3 % (15/281) using string. The CNGTST was feasible in nearly all children. Yield from string was two-thirds that of GA despite a half-hour median dwelling time. In settings where the feasibility of hospitalisation for GA is uncertain, the string component can be used to confirm PTB.

Original publication




Journal article


Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis

Publication Date





Diagnosis, Gastric aspirate, Microbiological confirmation, Pediatric tuberculosis, String