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The monkeypox virus outbreak continues to evolve worldwide. While most people recover without treatment, primary care clinicians may be the first point of contact for those affected. Prompt assessment, diagnosis, isolation, treatment and prophylaxis will reduce the risk of community transmission. The current public health advice is to test suspected cases and monitor close contacts. If individuals test positive for the monkeypox virus, self-isolation at home is recommended for most people with mild symptoms. If patients report severe symptoms, referral and admission to hospital will be needed, where further interventions such as antivirals may be administered. The infection can spread through close contact; therefore, healthcare professionals must take precautions, such as using appropriate personal protective equipment for possible or probable cases.

Original publication




Journal article


J R Soc Med

Publication Date





384 - 389


Evidence-based practice, guidelines, infectious diseases, public health, Humans, Mpox (monkeypox), Disease Outbreaks, Personal Protective Equipment, Health Personnel, Primary Health Care