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UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to determine whether respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in prematurely born infants were associated with similar effects on healthcare utilisation and related cost of care in the second compared to the first year after birth. Thirteen infants who had RSV LRTIs (RSV), 21 who had other viral LRTIs (other viral) and 25 had no viral LRTIs (no LRTI) were prospectively followed. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected whenever an infant had an LRTI regardless of whether it was in the hospital or in the community. Healthcare utilisation and the health-related cost of care were determined. Only the RSV group compared to the no LRTI group had higher overall respiratory costs in both year 1 (mean, £3,917 versus £24; p 

Original publication




Journal article


Eur J Pediatr

Publication Date





209 - 215


Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Antiviral Agents, Cost of Illness, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Delivery of Health Care, Health Care Costs, Hospitalization, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Palivizumab, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Prospective Studies, Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections